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Collections » American Lumberman Photographs of Southern Pine Lumber Company Operations in East Texas, 1903 & 1907

American Lumberman Photographs, 1907

These photographs were made by American Lumberman photographers primarily while visiting Southern Pine Lumber Company's pine and hardwood operations in Angelina, Trinity, and Houston Counties in 1907. The company's sawmills were located at the company town of Diboll, in Angelina County. A few images are of the company's office headquarters in Texarkana.


Yellow Pine Saw Mill

Yellow Pine Saw Mill

An aerial view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company yellow pine sawmill, burner and log pond, including the fuel house.  Photograph taken from the old water tower, November 1907.

Planing Mill and Mill Power House

Planing Mill and Mill Power House

An aerial view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill and planing mill power house from the old water tower, November of 1907.  The planing mill was the final processing plant for lumber where it was dressed and patterned into different stocks.

Aerial View of the Center of the Lumber Yard

Aerial View of the Center of the Lumber Yard

An aerial photograph of the central area of the Southern Pine Lumber Company lumber yard, November 1907.  Taken from the old water tower.

Southwest Portion of the Lumber Yard

Southwest Portion of the Lumber Yard

An aerial photograph of the southwest section of the Southern Pine Lumber Company lumber yard, taken atop the old water tower in November 1907.

Western Section of the Lumber Yard

Western Section of the Lumber Yard

An aerial photograph of the Southern Pine Lumber Company lumber yard, looking westward from atop the old water tower, November 1907.

Hardwood Sawmill

Hardwood Sawmill

The Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood sawmill from a point a little west of the new dry kilns, November 1907.

Lath on Dry Kiln Trams

Lath on Dry Kiln Trams

A photograph of lath on dry kiln trams, showing how it comes from under the sorting platform, November 1907.

SPLCo Commissary Exterior

SPLCo Commissary Exterior

The Southern Pine Lumber Co. store, the express office, post office and drug store at Diboll, Texas, November 1907.  The company store was the geographic and social center of the community.  According to the January 18, 1908 American Lumberman, the general store was on the ground floor, a size of 36x66 feet.  An adjacent room of the same size was used for storage.  The second floor, 66x72 feet, was used for furniture and men's furnishing goods.  The drug store was 30x50 feet in size.  Manager W. P. Rutland and twelve others employed the store.

Central Section of the Lumber Yard

Central Section of the Lumber Yard

An aerial photograph of the central section of the Southern Pine Lumber Company lumber yard, taken from a special 35 foot tower, November 1907.

Hardwood Lumber Yard Alley

Hardwood Lumber Yard Alley

A clean back alley in the Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood lumber yard, November 1907.

Hardwood Lumber Alley Looking South

Hardwood Lumber Alley Looking South

A view down the Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood lumber alley from the north and second alley from the west, November 1907.

Sunset Over the Lumberyard

Sunset Over the Lumberyard

A sunset effect over the Southern Pine Lumber Company lumber yard, November 1907.

New Water Tower

New Water Tower

A photograph of the new water tower and the Southern Pine Lumber Company, November 1907.

Hardwood Mill from Across Logpond

Hardwood Mill from Across Logpond

A view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood saw mill looking across the log pond from the unloading dock of the yellow pine mill.  Image taken in November 1907.  The hardwood mill was known as mill number 2 and was built in 1906, although it also cut pine.  This mill was dismantled in 1954.

Yellow Pine Sawmill 1

Yellow Pine Sawmill 1

Yellow pine sawmill looking across log pond, showing logs in the foreground, November 1907.  According to the January 18, 1908 American Lumberman, the yellow pine mill was known as Mill No. 1, a larger facility than Mill No 2. which was the hardwoods mill.  It was built in 1903 as a double carriage band saw mill of 125,000 board feet capacity and was completed in 104 days.  It replaced the earliest company mill of 50,000 board feet capacity, which was built in 1894.  Mill No. 1 was destroyed by fire on January 7, 1968.

Logs in the Log Pond

Logs in the Log Pond

A detailed view of logs in the log pond, with possibly the Texas South-Eastern Railroad offices in the background, November 1907.

Sunset over the Hardwood Mill

Sunset over the Hardwood Mill

A beautiful sunset view over the smaller log pond, showing the Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood mill to the left.  Taken in November 1907.  The hardwood mill, which also cut pine, was built in 1906 and was known as mill number 2.  It was dismantled in 1954.

Planing Mill Interior

Planing Mill Interior

Interior view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill from the south end, November 1907. 

Planing Mill Interior from North End

Planing Mill Interior from North End

An interior view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill from the north end, November 1907.  The planing mill finishes the cut lumber.

Sawmill Engine

Sawmill Engine

The saw mill engine 24x48, 500 h. p. Filer & Stowell Corliss, with 18-foot fly wheel.  Photograph taken in November 1907.  Property of the Southern Pine Lumber Company, Diboll, Texas. 

Yellow Pine Sawmill Interior

Yellow Pine Sawmill Interior

An interior view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company yellow pine sawmill from the south end, November 1907.  This mill was built in 1903 and was known as Mill No. 1.  It had a 125,000 board feet capacity.  It was destroyed by fire on January 7, 1968 and was rebuilt by September of that year.

Interior of Sawmill from Log End

Interior of Sawmill from Log End

Interior of the yellow pine saw mill from the log end, showing the log carriage, log deck, and double band saws in the yellow pine mill, also called Mill No. 1, November 1907.

View of Log Pond from Incline

View of Log Pond from Incline

A view of the log pond from the incline, showing a log on the chain, November 1907.

Hardwood Sawmill Engine

Hardwood Sawmill Engine

The Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood saw mill Corliss engine produced by Filer & Stowell, November 1907.

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